An electric car, as it comes from its name, is driven by an electric motor, which is powered by rechargeable batteries. First electric vehicles in the history were invented in the 1880s. However, wide production of electric cars mostly started in 90s – 00s. Many large car manufacturers often presented electric car concepts on car shows, but those were made mostly to attract attention to the brand and to test feasibility of new technologies. Often such prototypes are built on platforms of mass production cars and presented as a version of vehicles, which are already on the market. Many well-known brands as BMW, Volvo, Toyota, Honda, Chevrolet, Kia and others are producing electric cars nowadays. In addition, there are brands, which produce only electric vehicles, such as Tesla, for instance. And don’t worry about finding replacements for the charging cords, companies such as EV Cable Shop have them for almost every make and model.
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The main purpose of creating an electrically driven vehicle is to reduce the amount of harmful emissions into the atmosphere, as they consume no hydrocarbons, thus emit no combustion products. Other advantages of electric cars are absence of noise during driving – as an electric motor is almost silent, long service intervals, higher output ratio and lower drag coefficient. However, while modern technologies evolving more and more, there are still some main disadvantages of electric cars:
• Purchase price. The battery primarily determines production cost of an electric vehicle. A battery with high charge capacity and small dimensions is quite expensive.
• Time of charging. Charging to 100% with a standard household outlet can take about 5 hours.
• Cruise range. Modern electric cars can do about 100-150 miles on one charge, which can be uneasy for long-distance travels.
• Public charging stations. Networks of these stations are still underdeveloped in some countries.
• Low centre of gravity due to large dimensions of the battery and its location – above the car floor.
Depleting of worldwide resources of oil, increasing of fuel cost and worsening of environmental conditions are driving up demand on electric cars. Basing on this, car manufacturers and independent analysts are expecting increase of sales of electric cars by 2020.
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